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Nearly 100,000 people die annually due to healthcare associated infections (HAIs). In addition, patients who develop HAIs are likely to experience longer hospital stays – with the average length of stay for a patient with an HAI at about 22 days, while those without an HAI (adjusting for patient differences) have an average stay of about five days. Patients with HAIs are 30% more likely to return to the hospital, compared to just 6% for patients without this complication. Total costs added to the healthcare system from HAIs are estimated at between $35 and $88 billion per annum.


    The Economics of Hand Hygiene Compliance Monitoring
Kelly M. Pyrek
Infection Control Today, October 2014.
    Hypochlorous Acid for Definitive Terminal Cleaning of the Hospital Environment
Dorris Dimmit, MPH, CIC
Infection Control Today, June 2014.
    Health Care–Associated Infections: AMeta-analysis of Costs and Financial Impact on the US Health Care System
Eyal Zimlichman, MD, MSc; Daniel Henderson, MD, MPH; Orly Tamir, PhD, MSc, MHA; Calvin Franz, PhD; Peter Song, BSE; Cyrus K. Yamin, MD; Carol Keohane, BSN, RN; Charles R. Denham, MD; DavidW. Bates, MD, MSc
JAMA Internal Medicine, December 2013
    Isolation of Acinetobacter baumannii Complex and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus from Hospital Rooms Following Terminal Cleaning and Disinfection: Can We Do Better?
Farrin A. Manian, MD, MPH; Sandra Griesenauer, RN, MSN; Diane Senkel, RN; Janice M. Setzer, RN; Sara A. Doll, RN; Annie M. Perry, RN; Michelle Wiechens, RN
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, July 2011.
    Electrochemically activated solutions: evidence for antimicrobial efficacy and applications in healthcare environments
R. M. S. Thorn & S. W. H. Lee & G. M. Robinson & J Greenman & D. M. Reynolds.
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, July 2011.
    The Direct Medical Costs of Healthcare-Associated Infections in U.S. Hospitals and the Benefits of Prevention
R. Douglas Scott II.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, March 2009.
    Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities
William A. Rutala, Ph.D., M.P.H.; David J. Weber, M.D., M.P.H
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008
    Evaluation of the “Anolyte Water” or “Neutral Electrolyzed Water” Disinfectant Solution on Inactivation of Avian Influenza and Other Avian Viruses
Huaguang Lu, MD
The Pennsylvania State University, April 2008.
    Beyond Eradication: Can We Accept Effective Forms of Sanitization that Go Beyond the Killer Chemical Paradigm?
Joellen Feirtag, MD.
Contamination Control, February/March 2007.
    Efficacy of Electrolyzed Water in the Prevention and Removal of Fecal Material Attachment and Its Microbicidal Effectiveness During Simulated Industrial Poultry Processing
Kim C, Hung YC, Russell SM.
Poultry Science, 2005.
    The bactericidal effects of electrolyzed oxidizing water on bacterial strains involved in hospital infections
Vorobjeva NV1, Vorobjeva LI, Khodjaev EY.
Artificial Organs, 2004.
    Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella enteritidis and Listeria monocytogenes on the surface of tomatoes by neutral electrolyzed water
M.A. Deza, M. Araujo and M.J. Garrido
Letters in Applied Microbiology, 2003.
    Disinfection potential of electrolyzed solutions containing sodium chloride at low concentrations
Morita C, Sano K, Morimatsu S, Kiura H, Goto T, Kohno T, Hong WU, Miyoshi H, Iwasawa A, Nakamura Y,Tagawa M, Yokosuka O, Saisho H, Maeda T, Katsuoka Y.
Journal of Virological Methods, 2000.
    The use of electrolyzed solutions for the cleaning and disinfecting of dialyzers
Tanaka N, Tanaka N, Fujisawa T, Daimon T, Fujiwara K, Yamamoto M, Abe T.
Artifical Organs, 2000.
    Endoscope Disinfection Using Acidic Electrolytic Water
S. Tsuji', S. Kawano, M. Oshita, A. Ohmae , Y. Shinomura, Y. Miyazaki, S. Hiraoka Y. Matsuzawa , T. Kamada, M. Hori , T. Maeda.
Endoscopy, 1999.



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